Top 4 Well Known Tea Types in the World

Tea, is a magnificent herb. Depending on the method of processing, different types of real tea are obtained. Real tea refers to the products made using the tender shoots of the ‘tea plant’, also known as Camellia Sinensis. With that being said, the world’s most popular tea types are, Black Tea, Green Tea, Oolong Tea and White Tea – all made from one plant. Black Tea is fully fermented or aerated tea and Green and White tea are non-fermented or non-aerated tea. Oolong Tea is partially fermented or partially aerated tea.

In Black Tea processing, either ‘orthodox’ or ‘CTC’ methods could be used for the rolling process. While the orthodox production method is used in Sri Lanka, many other tea producing countries use the CTC method to produce tea. The latter mostly produces tea very uniform in taste. Therefore, connoisseurs generally prefer orthodox black tea as its intrinsic character and taste can be enhanced by the tea maker to offer subtle variations while retaining its quality. Hence, Ceylon Tea which is produced in Sri Lanka has a great demand worldwide and has some of the finest teas of the world, and has ranked the country among top 5 tea exporting countries.

What Are the Most Popular Teas?

What is popular often depends on mood and time, as tea is both therapeutic and pleasurable. Considering the standard times for a cuppa; morning, noon and night - it can be said that morning calls for the best black tea, with many opting for English Breakfast or Breakfast Tea which offers that extra punch to kick start one’s day. Afternoon Tea, is recorded to have been started by a very hungry duchess of Bedford in the 18th Century who had insisted on tea time to take away her hunger pangs. Today, afternoon tea is commonly termed as “High Tea”, and have tea lovers across the world indulging in fun teas that offer exotic flavours or teas that are inspiringly fragrant. With the best black teas dominating the day, Green Tea could be seen a popular cuppa in the night.

What is the Strongest Type of Tea?

The strength of a tea varies according to elevation and size of the leaf. In Sri Lanka, the lower regions offer heavy and intense brews. Similarly, smaller the tea leaf, the smallest known as ‘tea dust, makes a very strong cuppa due to it having four times the surface area compared to other grades of tea! This, enables a better extraction, a thicker and stronger brew. Interestingly, the size of tea particles have no bearing on quality, it only influences strength. While tea dust could make you a strong cuppa, the strongest type of tea can be considered a brew from the lower regions of Sri Lanka – usually a cup of intense black tea.

What is the Healthiest Tea in the World?

What makes tea a healthy beverage is the presence of antioxidants. Antioxidants have the ability to effectively limit the damage caused to our bodies. Although all plants contain flavonoids, the uniqueness of tea is that it contains very high amounts of antioxidant flavonoids compared to other food items. Antioxidants in tea could neutralize these free radicals and harmful substances, and reduce the adverse effects of inflammation. Thus, reducing the risk of noncommunicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke and diabetes where the development of the disease is associated with inflammation.

Fresh Tea is rich in natural antioxidants and when made in the traditional, orthodox style - it is both uniquely healthy and deliciously pleasing. Taking these into consideration, White Tea can be considered the healthiest tea in the world, as real white tea is made from the handpicked buds the Camellia sinensis plant. Here, the picking is restricted to the most experienced tea pickers as it has to be picked gently, to avoid damaging the cells within the bud.

While most of the tea labelled "White Tea" around the world is in fact a mix of a nominal amount of white tea and green or black teas, real white tea maintains a specific appearance with a silvery leaf and a velvety texture, and produces a bright, golden liquor when brewed.